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酒精在胃里是怎么被消化吸收的?

来源:http://www.sdyuxianfang.com/
日期:2022-04-06

酒,特别是烈性酒,一般通过口腔、食管、胃、肠粘膜等吸收到体内的各种组织器宫中,并于5min即可出现于血液中,待到30—60min时,血液中的酒精浓度就可达到至高点。空腹饮酒比饱腹时的吸收率要高得多。其中胃可吸收10-20%的酒,小肠吸收75-80%。一次饮用的酒60%于一小时内吸收,两小时可全部吸收。

Liquor, especially strong liquor, is generally absorbed into various tissue organs in the body through the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach and intestinal mucosa, and can appear in the blood in 5 minutes. When it reaches 30-60 minutes, the alcohol concentration in the blood can reach the highest point. The absorption rate of drinking on an empty stomach is much higher than that on a full stomach. The stomach can absorb 10-20% of wine and the small intestine can absorb 75-80%. 60% of the wine consumed at one time can be absorbed within one hour and all can be absorbed within two hours.
酒精在人体内氧化和排泄速度缓慢,所以被吸收后积聚在血液和各组织中(脑组织中的酒精浓度是血液酒精浓度的10倍)。绝大多数酒精主要在肝脏中代谢,只有很少的量(约2%~10%)酒精没有氧化直接经肾从尿中排出或经肺从呼吸道呼出或经皮肤汗腺随蒸发排除。因此一个人呼出气体的酒精浓度远远低于体内实际酒精的浓度。
Alcohol is oxidized and excreted slowly in the human body, so it accumulates in the blood and tissues after being absorbed (the alcohol concentration in brain tissue is 10 times that in blood). Most alcohol is mainly metabolized in the liver, and only a small amount (about 2% ~ 10%) of alcohol is not oxidized. It is directly discharged from the urine through the kidney, exhaled from the respiratory tract through the lung, or evaporated through the skin sweat gland. Therefore, the alcohol concentration of a person's exhaled gas is far lower than the actual alcohol concentration in the body.
酒精代谢过程中,还会伴随发生NADH与NAD的比例改变(NAD是一个辅助因子和氢接受体)、半乳糖耐量减低,甘油三酯合成增加,脂质过氧化增加等复杂变化,所以临床上曾有饮酒后的低血糖症及痛风病发作情况,而往往长期饮酒过量者甘油三酯水平高。
In the process of alcohol metabolism, it will also be accompanied by the change of the ratio of NADH to NAD (NAD is a cofactor and hydrogen acceptor), the decrease of galactose tolerance, the increase of triglyceride synthesis, the increase of lipid peroxidation and other complex changes. Therefore, clinically, there have been episodes of hypoglycemia and gout after drinking, and the triglyceride level of people who drink too much for a long time is often high.
下面,详细介绍酒精的吸收、代谢过程。
Next, the absorption and metabolism of alcohol are introduced in detail.
一:酒精在胃中的吸收。
1: Absorption of alcohol in the stomach.
1.酒的度数越高吸收速度越快。
1. The higher the degree of alcohol, the faster the absorption rate.
(1)酒精浓度低于10%以下的酒,由于酒被胃液稀释吸收少;
(1) When the alcohol concentration is less than 10%, the alcohol is diluted and absorbed less by gastric juice;
(2)含酒精15%~30%的酒精性饮料吸收速度更快
(2) Alcoholic beverages containing 15% ~ 30% alcohol absorb faster
(3)30%以上可引起胃粘膜出血和糜烂。
(3) More than 30% can cause bleeding and erosion of gastric mucosa.
2.不同的酒,吸收速度不一样。
2. Different wines have different absorption rates.
(1)白酒是发酵酒,酒精以外的成分可减缓胃的运动和血流,使酒的吸收延迟;
(1) Baijiu is a fermented wine. Alcohol other than alcohol can slow down the movement and blood flow of the stomach and delay the absorption of alcohol.
(2)啤酒是发泡酒含有CO2气体,刺激胃运动,让向小肠的移行、吸收速度更快。
(2) Beer is a sparkling wine. It contains CO2 gas, which stimulates the movement of the stomach and makes the migration and absorption to the small intestine faster.
对策:饮酒时饮用白水(非茶水)可以降低胃内酒精的浓度,减少酒精的吸收。
Countermeasures: drinking white water (not tea) can reduce the concentration of alcohol in the stomach and reduce the absorption of alcohol.
3.食物影响酒精的吸收。
3. Food affects the absorption of alcohol.
胃内的食物像海绵一样,吸收大量的酒精降低了胃内酒精浓度,减少与胃粘膜的接触,酒精向小肠转移减慢,使酒精吸收延迟。食物的种类也有影响,与蛋白质、糖、脂肪比例适当的牛奶混合食用,酒精的吸收速度减慢,固体食物比液体食物排泄延迟,故酒精的吸收也缓慢。
Like a sponge, the food in the stomach absorbs a large amount of alcohol, reduces the alcohol concentration in the stomach, reduces the contact with the gastric mucosa, slows down the transfer of alcohol to the small intestine, and delays the absorption of alcohol. The type of food also has an impact. When mixed with milk with an appropriate proportion of protein, sugar and fat, the absorption rate of alcohol slows down, and the excretion of solid food is delayed compared with liquid food, so the absorption of alcohol is also slow.
对策:在饮酒前吃一些食物尤其植物性食物垫底可以减少酒精的伤害。
Countermeasures: eating some food before drinking, especially plant food, can reduce the harm of alcohol.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关散酒代理加盟的详细介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdyuxianfang.com
The above is a detailed introduction about the joining of bulk liquor agents. I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service http://www.sdyuxianfang.com

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